Dangers of Hair Color from its Chemical Ingredients

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Dangers of Hair Color from its Chemical Ingredients

Colouring hair indeed sometimes can make appearance we become more interesting. However, there are some dangers of hair dye that you should consi

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Colouring hair indeed sometimes can make appearance we become more interesting. However, there are some dangers of hair dye that you should consider before using it.

The dangers of using hair dye come from the chemicals it contains, including ammonia, para-phenylenediamine (PPD), hydrogen peroxide, and lead acetate. These chemicals can optimize hair coloring, but can also cause side effects.

Health Risks of Hair Dye

Behind its function of coloring your hair to make you look more attractive or younger, there are several dangers of hair dye that you need to know, including:


Allergy cases to hair dye are generally caused by chemicals called para-phenylenediamine (PPD). Some people who are allergic to PPD will usually experience symptoms such as a rash and itching on the upper eyelid.

Meanwhile, a more severe allergic reaction can include complaints of redness, skin blisters, and even swelling of the entire face (angioedema). This condition must be treated immediately because of the risk of causing difficulty breathing if swelling also occurs in the respiratory tract.

In addition to the chemical PPD, the content of hydrogen peroxide in paint products or bleach Hair can also cause allergic reactions or skin irritation.


Research on the link between hair dye and cancer still shows mixed results. However, this still means that hair dye can be carcinogenic or increase the risk of developing cancer. Most research has been done on leukemia and lymphoma, breast cancer, breast cancer, and bladder cancer.

Some of the chemicals in hair dye that are considered to increase the risk of cancer include: para-phenylenediamine (PPD), lead acetate, and coal tar. These chemicals can enter the body through the pores of the scalp or inhaled when breathing.

Nerve damage

The lead acetate in hair dye is also known to cause brain and nerve damage. Although this content has been banned internationally, hair dyes that have not passed due diligence may still contain lead acetate.

Hair Coloring Tips dit’s safe

If you still want to dye your hair, you should follow these instructions so as not to harm your health:

  • Choose a light colored hair dye because dark hair dyes usually contain more chemicals.
  • Read the packaging carefully and make sure the product is registered with the Food and Drug Supervisory Agency (BPOM).
  • Read the contents on the product packaging.
  • Follow the instructions on the product on how to use it.
  • Avoid mixing different products as they can damage your hair and scalp.
  • Protect your hands with gloves when dyeing your hair at home.
  • Avoid leaving the hair dye on longer than the time specified in the product guide.
  • Rinse the hair dye thoroughly from the scalp to the ends of the hair, and do not let any remaining hair dye is still attached.
  • Do not use hair dye for other than head hair, for example to color eyebrows or eyelashes, because it can increase the risk of infection and blindness.
  • Avoid technique bleach because it can change the structure of the hair which makes it more susceptible to breakage.

To reduce the risk of allergies when using hair dye, you should do an independent allergy test first. The trick is to apply a small amount of hair dye cream to the back of your ear, then let it sit and watch the reaction for up to 2 days.

If during that time you do not feel any allergy symptoms, such as itching, burning, or redness, it is probably safe for you to continue using it. If the test results turn out to be the opposite, it is better to look for other hair dye products that do not cause an allergic reaction in your body.

However, if you are in doubt about the results of an allergy test that you do at home, you should ask a dermatologist whether the hair dye product you bought is safe for you to use or not.