How to care for the skin should be adjusted to the type of skin you have. Improper skin care or errors in the use of care products can actua
How to care for the skin should be adjusted to the type of skin you have. Improper skin care or errors in the use of care products can actually cause skin problems. Therefore, it is important to know how to treat skin according to its type.
The skin is the outermost and widest organ that acts as a body protector. The skin prevents the body from dehydration and infection and keeps the body temperature stable. Not only that, the skin also allows you to feel cold, heat, and pain, and process vitamin D from sunlight.
The importance of the role of skin makes you need to know how to take care of the right skin according to your skin type. This is because each skin type requires different treatments according to its characteristics.
How to treat skin according to its type
Here are some ways to care for the skin according to its type that you need to know:
1. Dry skin
Dry skin is generally not as flexible as other skin types. Dry skin also usually looks dull, wrinkled, easily itchy and irritated, and rough.
There are several factors that can cause a person to be more prone to having dry skin, including genetic factors, excessive sun exposure, changes in weather, too often hot baths, or the use of inappropriate cosmetics.
If you have dry skin, there are several ways to treat dry skin that you can try, including:
- Using soaps and skin care products that contain mild or non-irritating chemicals, such as those that don’t contain fragrances or antibacterials
- Limit bath time to a maximum of 15 minutes and you should use warm water when showering
- Avoid rubbing the skin too hard when bathing
- Apply moisturizer after bathing and whenever the skin feels dry
- Using products made from petroleum jelly or oil, because it can trap liquid so it doesn’t evaporate quickly from the skin
2. Oily skin
Oily skin usually looks dull or shiny and has large pores. This skin type is also more prone to blackheads and acne. The skin can be oilier when the oil glands (sebaceous glands) in the skin produce too much sebum.
There are several factors that can make a person more prone to having oily skin, including genetic factors, stress, humid air, and hormonal changes, for example in teenagers who enter puberty.
Oily skin can be treated in the following ways:
- Using care products labeled oil-free or non-comedogenic that doesn’t clog pores
- Wash your face 2 times a day, especially when your facial skin is sweaty
- Avoid squeezing pimples because it can leave scars that are difficult to disappear
- Using water-based skin care products so as not to make the skin more oily and prevent the appearance of acne
3. Normal skin
Normal skin generally looks rosy, not dull, oily, or dry, and doesn’t have many wrinkles. Normal skin types are also easier to care for than other skin types.
If you have normal skin type, you just need to regularly use a water-based moisturizer that is light and non-sticky to maintain the skin’s natural moisture.
4. Sensitive skin
Sensitive skin is often characterized by skin that feels itchy, burning, dry, and red. To treat or treat sensitive skin, you can follow the following skin care steps:
- Identify and avoid factors that trigger skin irritation, such as hot or cold temperatures, exposure to dust, or irritating chemicals
- Using cleansers with natural ingredients that are good for sensitive skin, such as aloe vera, chamomile, or green tea
- Avoid products that contain alcohol, soaps, fragrances, and acids
- Choose products specifically for sensitive skin that are labeled hypoallergenic
In addition, owners of sensitive skin should also choose products with low chemical content. This is because the fewer chemicals contained, the lower the risk of skin irritation that may occur.
5. Combination skin
This skin type can be classified as dry or normal in some areas, but oily on the nose, forehead and chin area. Combination skin usually looks shiny with larger pores and is prone to blackheads.
You need to be more careful when treating combination skin, because oily and dry or normal areas have to be cleaned in different ways. The following are some steps to treat combination skin that you can do:
- Using special care products for oily skin on oily skin
- Use moisturizer only on dry or normal skin
- Choose products that contain alpha hydroxy acids (AHA) and beta hydroxy acids (BHA)
- Avoid products that contain alcohol or fragrance
In addition to the specific methods above, general skin care is also important for all skin types, namely using sunscreen, not smoking, drinking water, cleaning your face before going to bed, and avoiding direct sunlight. You also need to have sufficient intake of nutrients, such as vitamins, minerals, protein, healthy fats, and antioxidants, so that the skin is always healthy.
If you have problems with your skin or are still confused about how to treat your skin according to its type, you can consult a dermatologist.