In addition to hair and face, nails also need care. Some women are willing to spend hours just to beautify their nails. Indeed, having beautiful
In addition to hair and face, nails also need care. Some women are willing to spend hours just to beautify their nails. Indeed, having beautiful and healthy nails can make you feel happy and confident. However, doing nail care too often can put you at risk of developing nail fungus.
If you often go to the salon to get your nails done, you have to be careful. Toenail fungus can be transmitted through unclean nail care tools, such as scissors and foot soaks. Normally, healthy nails look soft and have a consistent color.
Causes and Symptoms of Toenail Fungus
Abnormalities in fingernails and toenails can provide information about your health condition. The disorder can be an infection or injury to the nail. However, sometimes abnormalities that appear on the nails can also indicate a more serious health problem.
The most common nail infections are fungal infections. Medically, nail fungus is known as onychomycosis (onychomycosis) or tinea unguium. Some of the signs that you have a nail fungus infection include brittle nails, nails turning whitish or yellowish in color, nails turning red or black due to a blood clot (hematoma) under the nail, brown nails due to psoriasis, swelling and redness in the nail bed. skin around the nail is known as paronychia and chronic and repeated trauma to the nail.
Usually, nail fungus infection starts at the tip of the nail, then spreads to the middle. Nails are discolored and easy to lift or peel off. An infection in the nail causes the nail to become brittle, and causes pain and swelling of the skin around the nail.
Fungi are normally present in your body, and can thrive in warm and humid environments. Fungal nail infections are caused by an overgrowth of fungus on your nails. Fungus that infects nails can come from fungi that are already in or on the surface of your body. In addition, the fungus can also come from other people who are infected with fungi.
Some people are at high risk of developing nail fungus infection, for example diabetics, people with abnormalities in blood circulation, aged over 65 years, using artificial nails, swimming in public swimming pools, experiencing nail injuries, experiencing skin injuries around the nails, letting fingers or feet that are damp for a long time, have a weakened immune system, and wear fully closed shoes such as tennis shoes or boots.
Nail Fungus Is Not The Same As Skin Fungus
If you think nail fungus and skin fungus are the same, you are very wrong. Nail fungus and skin fungus are very different, as well as in their treatment. This difference lies, of course, not only in the location where the fungus is located, but also in the fungus that causes it and the symptoms it causes.
Fungal nail infections are usually caused by dermatophyte fungi, whereas skin fungus is caused by the candida fungus.
For skin fungus, some of the symptoms that arise are a rash, cracks in the skin, pain, the appearance of red and white lesions, and others. As for nail fungus, the symptoms include thick, brittle, dull and not shining nails, as well as a dark color under your nails.
In addition, skin fungus tends to be more common in infants and people who are overweight, while nail fungus is more common in adults than children. Skin fungus also tends to cause itching, whereas fungal nail infections are usually painless and itchy.
Treatment of skin fungus usually can use over-the-counter drugs, for example by using ketoconazole or clotrimazole drugs, as well as antifungal drugs such as azoles and miconazole. Most of these medications will be used once or twice a day.
As for nail fungal infections, you can use antifungal drugs, such as antifungals in the form of nail varnish or a topical solution for nails containing lactic acid, propylene glycol and urea. Treatment of toenail fungus also depends on the type of fungus causing the infection, as well as the severity of the infection.
If the infection is very severe, the doctor will usually prescribe antifungal drugs that are taken orally such as terbinafine, itraconazole, fluconazole, griseofulvin.
The condition of your nails can reflect your cleanliness and health. Therefore, take good care of your nails so that they look clean, healthy and beautiful. Some of these ways can make your nails look healthy and beautiful, including:
- Don’t cut the cuticles (the thin, dead layer at the edges of the nails), as they are a natural barrier to fungi and bacteria. By cutting it, make the protection is lost.
- Use nail polish sparingly or not at all.
- Moisturizes nails and cuticles, especially after removing nail polish. Because most nail polish removers contain chemicals that dry out your nails.
- Take biotin supplements, which are part of the B vitamins. This can increase nail thickness and prevent nail damage.
- Limit professional nail care. This is because exposure to chemicals can make nails dry and brittle. If you must and are accustomed to going to a nail salon, make sure of several things such as the experience or license of the nail nurse and stylist, the hand hygiene of the nail nurse, and also the cleanliness of the tools used.
- Avoid acetone-based nail polish removers, as they can make your nails brittle.
- Don’t wash your hands too often and limit the use of cleaning agents that contain chemicals.
- Don’t bite your nails.
- Regularly trim your fingernails and toenails with nail clippers or manicure clippers. Do not forget to smooth the tips of the nails with nail sandpaper. The best time to do this is after a shower, when the nails are softer.
To prevent nail fungus infection or damage that may appear on the nails, you are advised to be more careful in caring for them. If there are abnormal symptoms in your nails, immediately consult a doctor for proper treatment.