Parabens are commonly used preservatives to prevent microbial growth in the product. This preservative is also often found in products cosme
Parabens are commonly used preservatives to prevent microbial growth in the product. This preservative is also often found in products cosmetics. Apart from its antimicrobial effect, it turns out that long-term use of paraben products can harm the skin, you know.
Although commonly found in cosmetic and body care products, the use of products containing parabens still requires attention. Because, in some people, parabens can cause allergic reactions. Parabens are even suspected of causing cancer.
Functions of Parabens in Cosmetic Products
In product packaging, parabens (para-hydroxybenzoate) can be written with names, such as methylparaben, propylparaben, butylparaben, ethylparaben, 4-hydroxy methyl ester benzoic acid, or methyl 4-hydroxybenzoate.
Parabens are used in cosmetic products and skin cleansers, to prevent the growth of bacteria and fungi that can reduce product quality and harm consumers. In other industrial fields, such as food and pharmaceuticals, parabens are also used to obtain similar benefits.
Possible Allergic Reactions Due to Paraben Use
If you use cosmetic products that contain parabens, pay attention to possible allergic skin reactions (allergic contact dermatitis), such as:
- Red rash
- Dry and flaky
- Blistering or burning
To avoid allergic reactions from using cosmetic products, try applying a small amount of the product on your wrist and wait for a reaction within 48 hours. In addition, avoid using products that contain parabens on the surface of the skin that is injured or problematic. To be safer, choose cosmetic products that are free of parabens (paraben-free).
However, if you already experience an allergic reaction, immediately stop using the product and consult a doctor.
Facts about Parabens as a Cause of Cancer
A study has detected traces of parabens in some samples of breast cancer cells. This then raises questions about the impact of using parabens on the risk of developing cancer.
Parabens have a chemical structure similar to estrogen, which is a hormone known to cause cell proliferation in the breast, both normal and cancerous. However, studies that say that parabens are cancer triggers are still limited.
The study only found the content of parabens in the body of cancer patients, not showing the effect of parabens in causing or triggering cancer. In addition, parabens are considered difficult to settle in the body because these substances are easily excreted through urine.
Until now, paraben preservatives contained in cosmetic products are still considered safe to use. Food, drug, and cosmetic regulatory agencies in various countries, including BPOM, still allow the use of parabens within a predetermined limit.
Although parabens are considered safe, you should still be careful using them, especially if you have sensitive skin types or have a history of allergies in the use of cosmetic products. If you are still in doubt about parabens, choose a paraben-free product or cosmetic. To ensure its safety, you can consult further with your doctor.